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Researchers Use Dental X-Rays To Identify Patients With Osteoporosis

 

Researchers at the University of Manchester School of Dentistry in England have created a way of identifying patients with osteoporosis using dental X-rays.
SOURCE: COLGATE

The Manchester team developed a software-based approach to detecting osteoporosis using routine dental X-rays, also called radiographs, by automatically measuring the thickness of part of the patient’s lower jaw.

Health care professionals use radiographs widely in the National Health Service in England to examine third molars and gums for disease, as well as during routine  best dental clinic sitgesexaminations.

To harness these high use rates, the team drew on “active shape modeling” technology developed by the Division of Imaging Sciences of the University of Manchester to automatically detect jaw cortex widths of less than 3 millimeters — a key indicator of osteoporosis — during the radiographic  best dental clinic sitgesprocess.

“At the start of our study we tested 652 women for osteoporosis using the current ‘gold standard,’ and highly expensive, DXA test,” Dr. Keith Horner said. “This identified 140 sufferers.”

“Our automated X-ray test immediately flagged-up over half of these,” Dr. Horner continued. “The patients concerned may not otherwise have been tested for osteoporosis, and in a real-life situation would immediately be referred for conclusive DXA testing.” best dental clinic sitges

“As well as being virtually no extra work for the dentist, the diagnosis does not depend on patients being aware that they are at risk of [developing] the disease,” Dr. Hugh Devlin explained. “Just by introducing a simple tool and getting health care professionals working together, around two in five sufferers undertaking routine dental X-rays could be identified.”

“The test might even encourage older women to visit the dentist more regularly,” Dr. Devlin added.

© 2019 American Dental Association. All rights reserved. Reproduction or republication is strictly prohibited without the prior written permission from the American Dental Association best dental clinic sitges

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DENTAL HEALTH DURING PREGNANCY

Four Things to Know About Oral Health and Pregnancy

by Amy Freeman

You’re expecting, and you know that means some pretty big changes to your body for the next nine months at least. But you might not know how oral health and pregnancy are related. Expecting families have a lot on their minds, but that doesn’t mean they can neglect their teeth and gums. Changes in hormone levels increase the risk of oral health issues, including gum disease and small round raised areas on the gums known as pregnancy tumors. best price dentist Sitges

SOURCE: COLGATE

While you wait for your little one to arrive, here are a number of things you should know to keep your mouth healthy:

Pregnancy Gingivitis

Without hormones, you wouldn’t be able to make a baby. With them, though, you feel a bit moodier, your bladder seems a lot smaller, and for some reason you constantly crave weird meals like peanut butter and pickles. Hormones also play a part in making your gums swell while pregnant, leading to a condition called pregnancy gingivitis. If you notice that your gums are bleeding more frequently during pregnancy, the American Pregnancy Association recommends being proactive about it. Your dentist might recommend more frequent professional teeth cleanings, at least until your baby is born.

At home, keep up the good work. Use a soft-bristled toothbrush to reduce the chance of irritating your gums, and a toothpaste such as Colgate Total Advanced Deep Clean to help prevent plaque, tartar build-up and gingivitis. Also, remember to floss at least once a day; swelling makes it easier for bits of food to get stuck in hard-to-reach places. Also, remember to floss at least once a day; swelling makes it easier for bits of food to get stuck in hard-to-reach places. -best price dentist sitges

Pregnancy Tumors

Some women also develop what are alarmingly called “pregnancy tumors” due to hormonal changes while pregnant. Don’t let the name scare you; pregnancy tumors are not malignant. According to the American Dental Association (ADA), the growths most often appear during the second trimester, and look like little raspberries that form between the teeth. Your dentist can remove them if they cause you discomfort, but in most cases, the tumors will vanish after your baby is born.

Morning Sickness and Your Teeth

Morning sickness is a part of pregnancy for many women. It also brings up concerns about oral health and pregnancy, as the acid from your stomach can be strong enough to contribute to tooth erosion, according to the American Congress of Obestricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). If you suffer from heartburn or acid reflux later in your pregnancy, the gastric acid can have the same effect on your teeth. Although you may be tempted to brush your teeth immediately after a bout of morning sickness, the best thing you can do to protect your enamel is swish with baking soda and water afterward. Baking soda is basic, meaning it will help neutralize the acid from your stomach. Mix about a teaspoon of it into a cup of water, then use the mixture to rinse out your mouth before brushing. best price dentist sitges

Visiting Your Dentist

The dentist can be a great help in keeping your mouth (and your baby) healthy during pregnancy. Be sure to let your dentist know that you’re pregnant as soon as you know. He or she may need to adjust the treatments or medications given to you, such as postponing certain procedures until after your baby is born to avoid taking any risks. According to the American Pregnancy Association, the second trimester is often the ideal time to have minor dental work performed, such as having a cavity filled, or a professional cleaning, if needed.

Contrary to popular belief, seeing your dentist for a teeth cleaning and dental X-ray is safe while you are pregnant. The ACOG actually encourages it, and recommends that OB/GYNs work with patients and their dentists to ensure that every pregnancy is a safe and healthy one.

Pregnancy means big changes in your body and your lifestyle; remember that it’s just as important to take care of your teeth and gums as it is the rest of you. – best price dentist sitges

Common Conditions During PREGNANCY

To help minimize any risks during pregnancy, here is some general advice and some common conditions to be on the lookout for:
1.
Gum disease – during pregnancy, teeth and gums need special attention. Regular tooth brushing twice daily, flossing once daily, eating a balanced diet and visiting the dentist regularly will help reduce dental problems that accompany pregnancy.

2.
Enamel erosion – for some women, morning sickness is a major symptom of pregnancy. Along with the nausea comes additional acid that, if left in your mouth, can erode your teeth. Be sure to rinse your mouth out with water or with a fluoride mouthwash to keep the acid level under control.

3.
Dry mouth – pregnancy dry mouth can put women at a greater risk for problems such as tooth decay and infections. Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated and chew sugarless gum to enhance production of saliva.

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Dental treatment in handicapped patients

Dental treatment for handicapped patients; sedation vs general anesthesia and update of dental treatment in patients with different diseases

SOURCE: ncbi

Abstract

Dental treatment on Handicapped Patients is often difficult because many people with a wide range of ages (from children to the elderly) with different pathologies that can affect the oral cavity and differ widely are included in this group. This situation creates some controversy, because according to pathology, each patient will be treated differently depending on collaboration, general health status, age or medication used to treat this pathologies. According to this situation we can opt for an outpatient treatment without any kind of previous medication, a treatment under conscious or deep sedation or a under general anesthesia treatment. With this systematic review is intended to help clarify in which cases patients should be treated under general anesthesia, sedation (conscious or deep) or outpatient clinic without any medication, as well as clarify what kind of treatments can be carried in private dental clinics and which should be carried out in a hospital. It will also discuss the most common diseases among this group of patients and the special care to be taken for their dental treatment.

Key words:Hospital dentistry, handicapped patient.

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