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Researchers Use Dental X-Rays To Identify Patients With Osteoporosis

 

Researchers at the University of Manchester School of Dentistry in England have created a way of identifying patients with osteoporosis using dental X-rays.
SOURCE: COLGATE

The Manchester team developed a software-based approach to detecting osteoporosis using routine dental X-rays, also called radiographs, by automatically measuring the thickness of part of the patient’s lower jaw.

Health care professionals use radiographs widely in the National Health Service in England to examine third molars and gums for disease, as well as during routine  best dental clinic sitgesexaminations.

To harness these high use rates, the team drew on “active shape modeling” technology developed by the Division of Imaging Sciences of the University of Manchester to automatically detect jaw cortex widths of less than 3 millimeters — a key indicator of osteoporosis — during the radiographic  best dental clinic sitgesprocess.

“At the start of our study we tested 652 women for osteoporosis using the current ‘gold standard,’ and highly expensive, DXA test,” Dr. Keith Horner said. “This identified 140 sufferers.”

“Our automated X-ray test immediately flagged-up over half of these,” Dr. Horner continued. “The patients concerned may not otherwise have been tested for osteoporosis, and in a real-life situation would immediately be referred for conclusive DXA testing.” best dental clinic sitges

“As well as being virtually no extra work for the dentist, the diagnosis does not depend on patients being aware that they are at risk of [developing] the disease,” Dr. Hugh Devlin explained. “Just by introducing a simple tool and getting health care professionals working together, around two in five sufferers undertaking routine dental X-rays could be identified.”

“The test might even encourage older women to visit the dentist more regularly,” Dr. Devlin added.

© 2019 American Dental Association. All rights reserved. Reproduction or republication is strictly prohibited without the prior written permission from the American Dental Association best dental clinic sitges

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DENTAL HEALTH DURING PREGNANCY

Four Things to Know About Oral Health and Pregnancy

by Amy Freeman

You’re expecting, and you know that means some pretty big changes to your body for the next nine months at least. But you might not know how oral health and pregnancy are related. Expecting families have a lot on their minds, but that doesn’t mean they can neglect their teeth and gums. Changes in hormone levels increase the risk of oral health issues, including gum disease and small round raised areas on the gums known as pregnancy tumors. best price dentist Sitges

SOURCE: COLGATE

While you wait for your little one to arrive, here are a number of things you should know to keep your mouth healthy:

Pregnancy Gingivitis

Without hormones, you wouldn’t be able to make a baby. With them, though, you feel a bit moodier, your bladder seems a lot smaller, and for some reason you constantly crave weird meals like peanut butter and pickles. Hormones also play a part in making your gums swell while pregnant, leading to a condition called pregnancy gingivitis. If you notice that your gums are bleeding more frequently during pregnancy, the American Pregnancy Association recommends being proactive about it. Your dentist might recommend more frequent professional teeth cleanings, at least until your baby is born.

At home, keep up the good work. Use a soft-bristled toothbrush to reduce the chance of irritating your gums, and a toothpaste such as Colgate Total Advanced Deep Clean to help prevent plaque, tartar build-up and gingivitis. Also, remember to floss at least once a day; swelling makes it easier for bits of food to get stuck in hard-to-reach places. Also, remember to floss at least once a day; swelling makes it easier for bits of food to get stuck in hard-to-reach places. -best price dentist sitges

Pregnancy Tumors

Some women also develop what are alarmingly called “pregnancy tumors” due to hormonal changes while pregnant. Don’t let the name scare you; pregnancy tumors are not malignant. According to the American Dental Association (ADA), the growths most often appear during the second trimester, and look like little raspberries that form between the teeth. Your dentist can remove them if they cause you discomfort, but in most cases, the tumors will vanish after your baby is born.

Morning Sickness and Your Teeth

Morning sickness is a part of pregnancy for many women. It also brings up concerns about oral health and pregnancy, as the acid from your stomach can be strong enough to contribute to tooth erosion, according to the American Congress of Obestricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). If you suffer from heartburn or acid reflux later in your pregnancy, the gastric acid can have the same effect on your teeth. Although you may be tempted to brush your teeth immediately after a bout of morning sickness, the best thing you can do to protect your enamel is swish with baking soda and water afterward. Baking soda is basic, meaning it will help neutralize the acid from your stomach. Mix about a teaspoon of it into a cup of water, then use the mixture to rinse out your mouth before brushing. best price dentist sitges

Visiting Your Dentist

The dentist can be a great help in keeping your mouth (and your baby) healthy during pregnancy. Be sure to let your dentist know that you’re pregnant as soon as you know. He or she may need to adjust the treatments or medications given to you, such as postponing certain procedures until after your baby is born to avoid taking any risks. According to the American Pregnancy Association, the second trimester is often the ideal time to have minor dental work performed, such as having a cavity filled, or a professional cleaning, if needed.

Contrary to popular belief, seeing your dentist for a teeth cleaning and dental X-ray is safe while you are pregnant. The ACOG actually encourages it, and recommends that OB/GYNs work with patients and their dentists to ensure that every pregnancy is a safe and healthy one.

Pregnancy means big changes in your body and your lifestyle; remember that it’s just as important to take care of your teeth and gums as it is the rest of you. – best price dentist sitges

Common Conditions During PREGNANCY

To help minimize any risks during pregnancy, here is some general advice and some common conditions to be on the lookout for:
1.
Gum disease – during pregnancy, teeth and gums need special attention. Regular tooth brushing twice daily, flossing once daily, eating a balanced diet and visiting the dentist regularly will help reduce dental problems that accompany pregnancy.

2.
Enamel erosion – for some women, morning sickness is a major symptom of pregnancy. Along with the nausea comes additional acid that, if left in your mouth, can erode your teeth. Be sure to rinse your mouth out with water or with a fluoride mouthwash to keep the acid level under control.

3.
Dry mouth – pregnancy dry mouth can put women at a greater risk for problems such as tooth decay and infections. Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated and chew sugarless gum to enhance production of saliva.

best price dentist sitges

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Invisalign: Technological Advances to Improve Your Smile

Invisalign: Technological Advances to Improve Your Smile

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The use of braces to straighten and correct misalignments of the teeth goes back thousands of years – even Cleopatra wore them! The modern system of brackets, bonding material, arch wire, and ligature elastic is at least a century old, with traditional orthodontic techniques usually requiring years of wearing braces, with frequent visits to the orthodontist, painful adjustments, extensive cleaning after every meal, not to mention the occasional swallowed spring or bracket.

Now, Align Technology has introduced Invisalign aligners, which are nearly transparent medical-grade plastic aligners that are painless, clean, and comfortable.

“The company was started 20 years ago to create as a braces alternative.” says Andy Tang, Commercial Director for Align Technology B.V. Taiwan Branch. Instead of using metal to pull teeth into alignment, we sought to use aligners to push them. “It took 10 years and over US$1 billion in research and development to get the actual product right.” dentist around sitges

With Invisalign, the San Jose-based company brings the latest advances not only in orthodontics but also in material science, 3D printing, Big Data, cloud computing, and scanning technology to create a system of teeth alignment that has successfully treated over 4.7 million patients in the United States and more than 100 other countries. As one of the 2017 Fortune 100 Fastest Growing Companies (NASDAQ:ALGN); our patented Invisalign system including the materials and clinical software are US and Taiwan Food and Drug Administration Class II licensed.  You can rest assure that you will receive a safe and comfortable treatment from our Invisalign trained doctors.

Now the Invisalign system is available in Taiwan, offering a comfortable, aesthetically pleasing choice of treatment. It is estimated that up to 60% of people in Taiwan suffer from misalignments, malocclusions and narrow airway problem, but only 6% actually seek treatment.

“Asian cases are more difficult to treat,” explains Tang, noting that Asian people tend to have smaller mouths but the same number of teeth, causing more crowding of the arches and greater prevalence of malocclusions. “We want to share this technology with people in Taiwan for healthier teeth and more attractive smiles.” dentist around sitges

What is Invisalign?

The Invisalign system consists of a series of easy to install and remove medical-grade plastic aligners that gradually achieve the ultimate goal. Each aligner is slightly different, and when worn for 20 hour a day gradually produce the desired effect. Using Align Technology’s patented iTero scanning system, a 3D scan of the patient’s teeth is generated by the orthodontist, who then works with Invisalign’s computer database of millions of previous patients as well as utilizing his or her own expertise to form a diagnosis and course of treatment. The computer diagnosis and treatment plan is uploaded onto Invisalign’s database for transmission to the company’s state-of-the-art 3D printing manufacturing facility to produce the entire series of aligners for the duration of treatment. Each aligner is about 2.5 millimeters different from the next in sequence, and the total treatment time ranges from six months to two years.

The success of Invisalign hinges on three scientific breakthroughs.

The first is SmartTrack, a proprietary Align Technology multilayer material specifically designed and clinically proven to improve orthodontic movement. Many of Align Technology’s more than 800 patents are related to this material. Invisalign is the only plastic dental aligners to receive dual certification by the U.S. and Taiwan FDA as a class-II medical device.

The second is SmartStage technology, an advanced algorithm that determines the optimal path of tooth movement and the shape of the aligner at every stage of the Invisalign treatment. SmartStage technology helps generate the desired force systems necessary for more predictable treatment outcomes.

SmartForce features, meanwhile, are attachments and features that together allow for treatment of both simple and complex cases and precisely control both the root and crown. “Invisalign aligner can even be used on tooth extraction and major realignment of serious malocclusion treatments,” says Tang. dentist around sitges

Why is Invisalign right for Taiwanese?

  • Invisalign aligners are nearly invisible, making them popular among flight attendants, public relations specialists, and anyone who can’t risk a smile revealing unsightly wires and metal brackets.
  • Invisalign aligners also promote oral hygiene. With Invisalign, all you do is pop it out, brush your teeth, and put it back in – no special cleaning tools or effort required!
  • The Invisalign treatment also reduces the amount of time and fuss required. Instead of weekly visits to the orthodontist, with Invisalign you can get several months of aligners in advance, and see the orthodontist only infrequently to check progress. And as the difference from one sequential aligner to another is so small, the amount of discomfort is comparatively low.

Invisalign has proven highly popular in China and Hong Kong, and the level of use in Taiwan has been steadily increasingly. Invisalign has class-II medical device license by the FDA in both the U.S. and Taiwan, and are backed by a comprehensive database, state-of-the-art 3D manufacturing system, and a network of hundreds of thousands of Invisalign trained doctors who are dedicated to providing the best treatment for their patients. dentist around sitges

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List of Common Dental Problems

Updated May 05, 2016

Dental problems are never any fun, but the good news is that most of them can be easily prevented. Brushing twice a day, flossing daily, eating properly and regular dental check ups are essential steps in preventing dental problems. – best dentist sitges

Educating yourself about common dental problems and their causes can also go a long way in prevention. Here is a list of common dental problems.

SOURCE: verywell

1. Bad breath

If you suffer from bad breath, you are not alone. Bad breath, also called halitosis, can be downright embarrassing. According to dental studies, about 85% of people with persistent bad breath have a dental condition that is to blame.

Gum disease, cavities, oral cancer, dry mouth and bacteria on the tongue are some of the dental problems that can cause bad breath. Using mouthwash to cover up bad breath when a dental problem is present will only mask the odor and not cure it. If you suffer from chronic bad breath, visit your dentist to rule out any of these problems.

Top 7 Ways to Prevent Bad Breath

 2. Tooth Decay

Did you know tooth decay, also known as cavities, is the second most prevalent disease in the United States (the common cold is first). Tooth decay occurs when plaque, the sticky substance that forms on teeth, combines with the sugars and/or starches of the food we eat. This combination produces acids that attack tooth enamel.

The best way to prevent tooth decay is by brushing twice a day, flossing daily and going to your regular dental check ups. Eating healthy foods and avoiding snacks and drinks that are high in sugar are also ways to prevent decay.

7 Ways to Prevent CavitiesMore »

4. Gum (Periodontal) Disease

Studies have shown that periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is linked to heart attacks and strokes. Gum disease is an infection in the gums surrounding the teeth. Gum disease is also one of the main causes of tooth loss among adults.

There are two major stages of gum disease: gingivitis and periodontitis. Regular dental check ups along with brushing at least twice a day and flossing daily play an important role in preventing gum disease. – best dentist sitges

An Overview of Gum Disease More »

Oral cancer is a serious and deadly disease that affects millions of people. In fact, the Oral Cancer Foundation estimates that someone in the United States dies every hour of every day from oral cancer. Over 300,000 new cases of oral cancer are diagnosed every year, worldwide. This serious dental disease, which pertains to the mouth, lips or throat, is often highly curable if diagnosed and treated in the early stages.

An Overview of Oral Cancer

5 Mouth Sores

There are several different types of mouth sores and they can be pesky and bothersome. Unless a mouth sore lasts more than two weeks, it is usually nothing to worry about and will disappear on its own.

Common mouth sores are canker sores, fever blisters, cold sores, ulcers and thrush.

6. Tooth Erosion

Tooth erosion is the loss of tooth structure and is caused by acid attacking the enamel. Tooth erosion signs and symptoms can range from sensitivity to more severe problems such as cracking. Tooth erosion is more common than people might think, but it can also be easily prevented.

How to Prevent Tooth Erosion

Tooth sensitivity is a common problem that affects millions of people. Basically, tooth sensitivity means experiencing pain or discomfort to your teeth from sweets, cold air, hot drinks, cold drinks or ice cream. Some people with sensitive teeth even experience discomfort from brushing and flossing. The good news is that sensitive teeth can be treated. – best dentist sitges

What is Fluoride? More »

8. Toothaches and Dental Emergencies

While many toothaches and dental emergencies can be easily avoided just by regular visits to the dentist, we all know that accidents can and do happen. Having a dental emergency can be very painful and scary. Fortunately, there are things you can do on your own until you are able to see your dentist.

Tips for Managing Dental Emergencies

While an unattractive smile is not technically a “dental problem,” it is considered a dental problem by people who are unhappy with their smile and it’s also a major reason that many patients seek dental treatment.

An unattractive smile can really lower a person’s self-esteem. Luckily, with today’s technologies and developments, anyone can have a beautiful smile. Whether it’s teeth whitening, dental implants, orthodontics or other cosmetic dental work, chances are that your dentist can give you the smile of your dreams. – best dentist sitges

Teeth Whitening Options More »

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Dental treatment in handicapped patients

Dental treatment for handicapped patients; sedation vs general anesthesia and update of dental treatment in patients with different diseases

SOURCE: ncbi

Abstract

Dental treatment on Handicapped Patients is often difficult because many people with a wide range of ages (from children to the elderly) with different pathologies that can affect the oral cavity and differ widely are included in this group. This situation creates some controversy, because according to pathology, each patient will be treated differently depending on collaboration, general health status, age or medication used to treat this pathologies. According to this situation we can opt for an outpatient treatment without any kind of previous medication, a treatment under conscious or deep sedation or a under general anesthesia treatment. With this systematic review is intended to help clarify in which cases patients should be treated under general anesthesia, sedation (conscious or deep) or outpatient clinic without any medication, as well as clarify what kind of treatments can be carried in private dental clinics and which should be carried out in a hospital. It will also discuss the most common diseases among this group of patients and the special care to be taken for their dental treatment.

Key words:Hospital dentistry, handicapped patient.

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